Cambridge Profeciency Listening Test 3 Part 1
You will hear three different extracts, For each question, choose the answer (A, B or C) whichfits best according to what you hear. There are two questions for each extract
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Extract One You hear a student talking about her experience of doing voluntary work in the Transkei region of South Africa. What does she say about living at 'grass-roof level?
Some volunteers found it more difficult to do so than others.
The terms of her employment meant that she had no option but to do so.
She had not expected to have to do so for the entire year.
Question 1 Explanation:
She says that they were encouraged to live at ‘grass-root’ level (have the same living conditions as ordinary people in the place, rather than a better standard because they were only there temporarily), and that in fact it was impossible not to (not to live this way) on the meagre (small and inadequate) amount of pocket money (money to spend for pleasure rather than on food, accommodation, etc.) we were allotted (given as a share of what is available). She is therefore saying that they were given so little money by the organization that had employed them that they had to live like the local people.
What does she imply about the culture of the Transkei?
There were elements of it she would have preferred not to adopt.
It has taught her more than any other experience in her life.
There were aspects of it that she did not get fully involved with.
Question 2 Explanation:
She says that living there meant embracing the culture (accepting and living according to it) with open arms (enthusiastically), and she then adds whether you liked it or not, which implies that she did not like having to embrace the culture. She says that the meat, soup and home-made beer was not to be sampled but lived off, which implies that she would have preferred to be able to eat and drink those things simply to find out what they were like rather than having to eat and drink them all the time. Furthermore, she says that she could forget any vegetarian tendencies (her desires to be vegetarian) because everyone there eats meat, which implies that she would have preferred not to have to eat meat but to have been vegetarian, but that she had to eat meat.
Extract Two You hear an actor talking about his work as part of a theatre group for children. What does he say about performing on adventure playgrounds?
The actors have to keep moving to different parts of them while performing,
Children respond more willingly there than in schools.
Children keep leaving and coming back while the actors are performing there.
Question 3 Explanation:
He says that in order to get an audience when performing on adventure playgrounds, they perform some distance away from the play equipment (so that the children will watch the performance rather than play on the equipment). He then says that in schools they have to work harder to get a response from the children. He is therefore saying that it is easier to get a response from children on adventure playgrounds than in schools. Children in schools can be controlled, unlike children on adventure playgrounds, who can leave if they don’t like the performance, but he says that children in schools are harder to get a response from than children on adventure playgrounds.
Why do the actors ‘unmask’ at the end of a performance?
because the noisier children often demand that they do so.
in case some of the children have become frightened by them.
so that the children will start behaving in their usual way again.
Question 4 Explanation:
He says that they unmask (reveal what they really look like by taking off make-up, costumes, etc.) as part of the process of bringing the kids down (making them less excited). He says this is very important because you should only involve children in uninhibited (not restricted, natural) action if you can bring about (cause to happen) a return to ‘normality' at the end. Therefore, they appear as they normally do again so that children can return to what is normal for them at the end of the performance.
Extract Three You hear a man talking about friendship. What does he say about boyhood friendships?
Men get a distorted view of what they were really like.
There is nothing else to interfere with them.
They are the most likely ones to endure for a long time.
Question 5 Explanation:
The speaker says boys are unencumbered (not burdened, free because of not carrying responsibility) by all the baggage (things that accompany and are difficult to deal with) of adult lives and can therefore truly understand the nature of friendship. His point is that boys can have real friendships because they do not have the kinds of things in their lives that prevent adults from having them.
What does he say about adult friendships?
They change in nature according to your circumstances.
They can sometimes cause inconvenience.
They do not conform with his idea of what real friendship is.
Question 6 Explanation:
He says that, although he can understand why his friendships as an adult have to have a certain amount of formality (follow certain procedures by which he arranges in advance to meet friends), he sometimes thinks that this is a negation of (the opposite of) friendship. He is therefore saying that the friendships he has now are not in his view what he believes real friendships to be.
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